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to ASP.Net 2? Why Your Website Might Stop Working When You Do.
By : John Belthoff
version 2 was just recently released by Microsoft and contains a feature
rich set of classes that can do just about anything imaginable. However if
you are thinking about hosting your asp.net 2 site on a shared hosting
environment there are a few considerations you should know about before you
take the plunge. If you have already upgraded you may be wondering why your
site that was working fine in version 1.1 but now has problems working in
Asp.Net version 2.
Code Access Security
If you receive one of those generic yellow error messages that say something
like the following:
Description: The application attempted to perform an operation not allowed
by the security policy. To grant this application the required permission
please contact your system administrator or change the application's trust
level in the configuration file.
Exception Details: System.Security.SecurityException: Request for the
permission of type 'System.Net.WebPermission, System, Version=220.127.116.11,
Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089' failed.
The Reason? - Code Access Security!
As it turns out many shared hosting companies are setting the Security Trust
level in the asp.net version 2.0 machine.config files to the default
"Medium" setting then locking it down so it can't be overridden by the
This is great from hosting perspective but not so good if you are a
developer that uses asp.net functions like xml.load from another website,
webrequest, webclient, system.net, etc... or many other classes that a
default medium trust setting doesn't allow.
What can you do?
There are a number of considerations on how to rectify this situation and
the first is to contact your hosting company and ask them to create a
modified version of the medium trust machine.config file to allow for the
features you want to implement.
Microsoft has provided an article that describes this process and if you're
hosting company is not aware of it than shame on them.
The article can be found here:
- How To: Use Medium Trust in ASP.NET 2.0
Give this a good read as it explains not only how to modify medium trust but
also how to code for the medium trust settings.
If that is not an option you might want to consider recoding your entire
website to conform to medium trust, not a very good option, or moving to a
hosting company that will work with you for your particular needs.
Allowing open socket connections is a security risk for a hosting company,
but if you can establish that your code is not malicious a reputable hosting
company should provide you with proper security clearance to utilize the
rich classes that asp.net version 2.0 has to offer. After all they are
claiming to sell you asp.net version 2.0. And if you can't use version 2's
classes than you are not getting what you paid for.
Over time there will need to be a balance between the hosting companies
security needs and the ability of a web developer to utilize the classes
that make asp.net version 2.0 so brilliant and I hope that time comes sooner
rather than later.
About the Author :
About the Author: John Belthoff is a Professional Audio Engineer and
an Avid Web Developer who plays and also teaches Jazz Guitar in his spare
time. His latest web projects include the Internet Production Guide:
http://www.iproductionguide.com and he owns a small Asp Hosting Company:
http://www.hostsstation.com You can contact him at his personal web site